Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) occurs when the brain tissue is damaged by an impact or intrusion. The brain is a delicate organ that is encased in a protective boney structure, the skull. It is essentially the control center for the entire human body, a nerve and processing center. Anytime there is an intrusion into the brain area, the body can suffer drastic effects or death. Walnut Creek, CA, residents and visitors who have received brain injury in accidents should get in touch with a personal injury attorney to discuss the best outcome they may have in pursuit of compensation for their accident injuries, including TBI.
This type of brain injury will fall into one of two categories: mild or severe. With a mild TBI, the person may lose consciousness or become confused and disoriented for a short period of time, less than 30 minutes. There may be some cognitive symptoms like headache, memory or attention difficulty and moodiness. Severe TBI causes longer periods of unconsciousness and memory loss. An injured person with severe TBI may have impaired cognitive function or even become comatose. They may have difficulty moving arms or legs and exhibit abnormal speech. There could be some loss of ability to think normally and they might develop emotional problems.
Causes of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
Many accidents may result in injury to the head and into the brain area. The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention claim that about 1.5 million people in this country will receive accidental brain injuries of this type, and approximately 50,000 will die. Another 85,000 will be left with long term disabilities and on-going expenses for medical care.
There are three main causes for TBI injuries:
TBI occurs when there is an open head injury, a closed head injury or deceleration injury. It can also be related to exposure to chemicals or toxic substances, hypoxia from lack of oxygen, tumors, stroke or infections.
Bullet wounds can cause open head injuries when the bullet penetrates the skull and harms the soft brain tissue. Vehicle crashes and slip and fall accidents may cause a closed head injury. Deceleration injuries occur when the soft brain tissue continues to move inside the skull when there is a sudden deceleration, as happens with a sudden stop in a vehicle collision. The brain also collides with the interior of the skull, causing diffuse axonal injury, swelling and bruising. When axons are torn due to this motion, the neuron cells die.
Neurons can also be damaged by chemicals and toxic substances. Lack of oxygen or blood supply can create irreversible brain injury in a few minutes. Invasion of the brain tissue by tumors or infections increases pressure within the brain and damages cells. Any surgical invasion in the brain area can cause related problems and additional brain injury.
Treatment for TBI can be extensive and expensive. If you live in Walnut Creek, a local personal injury lawyer may be able to help you obtain fair compensation for accidental traumatic brain injuries. The aftermath of a vehicle accident that caused brain injuries can mean a lifetime of medical care, rehabilitation, work loss or death of the patient. Surgeries may be required well beyond the initial accident treatment.
Prevention of Traumatic Brain Injury
Since many TBI incidents begin with car crashes, adhering to basic vehicle safety rules is a primary way to help prevent brain injuries.
- Always wear a seat belt when travelling in a motor vehicle. This should prevent the occupant from colliding with interior parts of the vehicle or being thrown out of the vehicle.
- Children should always be securely seated in a safety seat or child safe booster chair.
- Never drive while impaired or distracted.
- Wear a helmet if you ride a bicycle, motorcycle, scooter, snowmobile or horse.
- Wear a protective helmet for sports like skiing, skating, skateboarding or snowboarding.
Avoid potential falls by using stairway rails and having stairs adequately lighted. Use an elevator or escalator if you have difficulty with vision or walking. Lock or bar windows on upper floors so children do not fall out. Keep walkways and stairs clear of objects that could cause a person to trip or fall.
Guns should always be stored unloaded, locked securely in a cabinet, use trigger locks and keep ammunition separate from the guns.
TBI may appear immediately or later on after an accident. If you are having symptoms of TBI following an accident, take time to call our Walnut Creek, CA, law firm and discuss your potential case with our personal injury attorneys. You may be able to obtain compensation for accidental injuries you receive in an accident if you act quickly and get experienced legal representation. Call today to set up your free consultation with our traumatic brain injury attorneys.